The temporomandibular joint (TMJ) is the culprit behind many visits to an oral surgeon. The joint connects the jawbone to the base of the skull on both sides. That joint allows the jaw to open, close and move side to side. When that joint becomes impaired in any way it can lead to TMJ pain. Let’s take a closer look at when can cause the TMJ to become impaired and what symptoms people should be on the lookout for.
TMJ pain is either related to the joint, disc or cartilage. The pain can be a result of inflammation, actual damage or overuse. Of course each type of problem has a different set of risk factors that can lead to an issue. The primary causes of TMJ include:
- A physical accident
- Arthritis in the joint
- Grinding teeth
- Jaw/bite misalignment
- Autoimmune diseases
The reality is there are a lot of different factors that can lead to TMJ. The best way to avoid it is to maintain regular oral hygiene and prioritise oral health. That being said, it is important to keep an eye out for the following symptoms:
- Inability to fully open or close the mouth
- Facial pain
- Tooth/jaw pain that is not affected by pain medications
- Difficulty eating or drinking due to jaw pain
Anyone who finds themselves experiencing any of the symptoms listed above should reach out to their local dentist as soon as possible. TMJ is treatable, but those treatments are most effective if the problem is identified early.
TMJ treatment plans will differ depending on the cause of the TMJ and a patient’s individual medical history.
To learn more visit www.morristownoralsurgery.com.